A lot of dog lovers prefer dogs that are of Pitbulls breed line to be their pet. Pitbull breeds tend to be strong, loyal and affectionate dogs to their owners and anyone around, so it is not surprising that the dog of choice for most families.
The Pitbull Breed was initially bred in Britain as fighting dogs in cruel blood sports that often cause damage to their health or in some cases death. Eventually, when immigrants came to America, the focus and purpose of breeding Pitbull Breeds were directed in another direction. Homesteads of immigrants in America needed a reliable and strong protector. Since the various types of Pit Bull breeds they bought with them are already strong, they began producing for domestic purposes. The result is the current Pitbull Breed, who has come far from their blood sports origin.
Today there are many types of Pitbull breeds to choose. Bear in mind that most people loosely use the term “Pitbull” for any dog that possesses the physical traits of Pitbull like bulky body and a square-shaped head. The various number of Pit Bull breeds can be confusing even to experts who are classifying them.
The name of dog breeds in a Pitbull breeds list is a long one, but only a few names in a Pitbull breeds list have a significant following hence a big popularity as a pet. The popularity of the Pitbull breed depends on its personality, reliability, and human compatibility.
Popular Types of Pitbull
American Pitbull Terrier
History and Origins: Needing a dog with strength, athleticism and ferocity people bred the Old English Bulldogs and Old English Terriers together to get the dog they require for blood sports. Some of these Pitbull breeds that were brought to America are the direct descendants of today’s American Pitbull Terrier.
In America the immigrants these dogs as used as hunt wild cattle as well as hogs and used as a livestock driver. They eventually became family pet companions once people started breeding out their aggressiveness.
Today American Pitbull Terriers can be found helping human society by working as therapy, companion, and police dogs. Though some are still used in illegal, clandestine dog fighting this Pitbull breed is more valued as a human pet companion.
Characteristics: Physically an American Pitbull Terrier is a medium-sized dog with a short coat and well-defined muscle structure that looks smooth. The coat, when touched, feels short, glossy and smooth. The shape of these Pitbull breed’s eye is almond or round while its ears are small to medium in size. It’s the tail taper at its point while being slightly thick. Spotted, solid, brindled and with points are color patterns found in this Pitbull breed.
Merle is also another pattern, but the UKC and AKC do not recognize it. The American Pit Bull Terrier is overflowing with enthusiasm to please it, owners. Possessing confidence, strength, loyalty and protective nature this Pitbull breed are an ideal pet companion for families, especially with children.
The dog still retains some of its aggressive nature, so it is best to give some obedience and socialization training. The dog will go along with other dogs provided that they don’t try to dominate the American Pit Bull Terrier. This Pitbull breed relationship other animals is not cozy at best. An American Pit Bull Terrier’s size is 18-21 inches at the withers for males and 17-20 inches for females.
Health Problems: Expect congenital heart diseases, dysfunction of the thyroid, patella problems and Demodex mange in this dog. Incidents of hip dysplasia are much higher in this Pitbull breed.
Grooming: Use a firm bristle brush for grooming it to coat then give a bath while using a dry shampoo. The dog sheds its skin on an average basis.
Litter size: 5- 10 puppies
Exercise routine: Long daily walks on a regular basis.
Price: $300 – $3000 USD depending on the pup’s age
American Staffordshire Terrier
History and Origins: It’s easy to assume that the Staffordshire Terrier was originally bred in Staffordshire, England when in fact it was first bred in Birmingham, West Midlands in the US. It was only later that these dogs were bred in Staffordshire, England. Nevertheless, these Pitbull breed’s ancestors are from England.
The English Bulldog was cross-bred with another dog (there is the contention of opinion as to whether dogs like the Black and Tan Terrier, Fox Terrier or White English Terrier was used in the breeding). In the US, the dog was very popular with people, but after World War 2 its popularity slightly declined.
Characteristics: This Pitbull breed is stubborn by nature, but it does show a positive response to owners who can establish and enforce rules confidently about its behavior. Expect a loyal, dependable and good-natured dog who considers companionship to be necessary.
Its reaction to strangers may vary from instinctual guarding, reserve politeness or exuberant face-kissing. Due to its dogfighting ancestry, this Pitbull breed will not respond kindly to assertive dogs and will engage the offender if confronted. It can live peacefully with other pets though there is a risk that it will revert to its animal prey instincts. Its body is ha a coat of stiff, thick glossy hair and a stocky, muscular body that is extremely strong for its size.
It’s broad and powerful head has a very strong jaw with a muzzle that is medium in length. Ears can be cropped or otherwise. The tail is undocked and short tapering to a point. An American Staffordshire Terrier’s size is 18-19 inches at the shoulders for males and 17-18 inches at the shoulders for females.
Health problems: This Pitbull breed tends to inherit disorders such as:
- Congenital heart disease
- Elbow dysplasia
- Hip dysplasia
- Luxating patella
- Thyroid dysfunction
- Cerebellar ataxia
Skin allergies, autoimmune diseases, and urinary tract infection are other diseases infecting this dog. Older dogs can suffer from osteoarthritis and spondylosis.
Grooming: Brush its coat on a regular basis using a firm bristle brush, and then bathe using dry shampoo if needed. The dog is an average shedder and to make its coat gleam use a piece of chamois and toweling.
Litter size: 5 – 10 puppies
Exercise routine: Do daily exercise that involves long walks, jogs or runs. When walking the dog make it heel beside or behind you while holding a leash. The dog must be taught to enter and exit doors and gates after humans.
Price: $300-$500 USD depending on the pup’s age
Staffordshire Bull Terrier
History and origins: Bloodsports like bear-baiting, dog fighting, and bull-baiting were popular among people, and it is common to see the bears and bulls fighting dogs or dogs fighting each other. To increase the fighting capability of these dogs, they were cross-bred with other dogs to get the results they want.
These “proto-Staffords” or also known as “Bull and Terrier” were the ancestral founders of the Pitbull breed we know today as Staffordshire Bull Terriers Today blood sports are illegal, and no Staffordshire Bull Terriers serves as a participant in these blood sports (though there is still some underground dogfighting).
As a result interest in this Pitbull, the breed went on a decline. During the 20th-century people began to show interest in the Staffordshire Bull Terrier again. This time, it would no longer be a blood sports participant, but rather a show dog and a guardian family pet.
Characteristics: Though this Pitbull breed is no longer a fighter it still has some of its old habits. They also are difficult to housebreak. The Staffordshire Bull Terrier needs firm discipline and training from a confident and strong pack leader who is consistent enough to insist the dog follow the rules.
Once the dog has been properly trained and disciplined it is now an obedient, courageous, affectionate dog. Gets along with children and has less wary of strangers.
The dog is muscular, and it has great strength to go along with it. The head has strong jaws and a distinct stoop along with a short fore face. Its broad skull head has a black nose with round dark eyes and small ears. The tail is low-set and taper to point.
Dogs of this breed have the weight of 14-16 inches for males and 13-15 inches for the females
Health problems: Its eyes tend to suffer from HC and PHPV, which can be remedied by screening both parents and see if they have this condition. There are also hip dysplasia and gas problems in this Pitbull breed.
Grooming: Use a firm bristle brush to brush its coat every day. Give it a bath and a dry shampoo. If you want its coat to have a shiny look, use a toweling and chamois piece to rub its skin.
Litter size: 5 – 7 puppies
Exercise routine: The dog’s stamina is tremendous so give it lots of exercise along with daily walks and jog.
Price: $300-$1500 USD depending on the pup’s age
History and Origins: The ancestors of this Pitbull breed originated in England and many dogs of its breed the original were used in blood sports like bull baiting. Immigrants who came to America became ranchers, and small farmers needed a dog that can act as a stock, catch, and guard dog. The American Bulldog’s predecessors were suited to those ranchers and small farmers’ needs.
American Bulldogs are also great in dealing with vermin like feral pigs which is the reason that they thrived in the American South unlike in the North they were all long gone. By the time WW2 happened this Pitbull breed are all but extinct until the intervention of John D. Johnson. John D. Johnson along with his father sought to revive the near-extinct Pitbull breed and to do that they began producing the best American Bulldog specimens they could find in the rural areas of the South.
The efforts of the two were not vain since the American Bulldog breed has thrived into the present day. Were it not for the efforts of John D. Johnson and his father this dog would not have an entry in the list of Pitbull breed.
Characteristics: The compact frame of the American Bulldog is robust and sturdy as well as muscular. Strength, Swiftness, and agility are the attributes that this Pitbull breed possesses. The square-shaped head is big coupled with powerful jaws; the Chest is moderately deep as well as broad and legs that are strong, straight and thick boned. Its short coat is smooth in texture and comes in shades of brindle.
The dog is not hostile though early age socialization and obedience training can further dampen its aggressiveness. The dog is brave, determined, loyal and reliable provided that its owner is strong-minded as well as reminding the dog of what behaviors is acceptable. Its protective instincts make it an ideal companion for children.
Males are 22-28 inches while females are 20-26 inches.
Health Problems: This Pitbull breed is often healthy though it still suffers from hip dysplasia and neuronal ceroid lipofuscinosis or NCL. The dog can become high strung and hard to control if it does not have a daily physical and mental exercises.
Grooming: The dog’s coat is easy to groom. Combing the coat with a firm bristle brush will suffice. Give the dog a bath only if necessary.
Litter size: 11 puppies
Exercise routine: A long daily walk is more than enough for the dog.
Price: $600-$950 USD depending on the pup’s age
Check our guide about Dry Dog Food For American Bulldogs Review
History and Origins: The need to create a fighting dog for blood sports necessitated the creation of Bull and Terrier breeds. Using the Old English Terrier, the Old English Bulldog, and the Manchester Terrier were used as a foundation, for the new Pitbull breed. The combined the traits of the Bulldog and the Terrier making a poor fighter against bears as well as bulls.
In spite of its poor performance as a blood sports fighter, they excel as a guard dog, herder, ratter, and watchdog. The Bull Terrier even became the nobles’ popular pet.
Characteristics: This Pitbull breed is easily recognizable by its strong and long oval-shaped head that is flat on the top and slopes down evenly to its black-colored nose. The dog’s body is muscular and powerfully built. Eyes are dark-colored, small and deep-set shaped like an almond. The dense and short coat of the dog feels flat as well as harsh when touched. The tail is carried at a horizontal angle while set a low level.
Bull Terriers have two primary colors: White and Colored. White Bull Terriers only have colored markings on the dog’s head while the Colored Bull Terriers possesses several colors like red, fawn, brindle, black brindle, and tricolor with white.
In spite of its origin as a fighting dog, this Pitbull breed is now a gentle dog. Bull Terriers tend to be brave, loyal, obedient, polite, fun and clownish. They form deep attachments to their owners and become an excellent family pet especially if their owner shows consistent and firm leadership. They are quite fond of children and adults.
This dog requires lots of supervision and companionship making them perfect pets for active families. Leaving the dog alone for more than 8 hours a day is not advisable. Make sure that the dog gets a lot of physical and mental exercises. The dog does make a good companion with non-canine pets due to its hunter instinct.
There are two sizes of Bull Terriers: standard and miniature. Standard-sized dogs are 20-24 inches in height while the Miniature-size dogs are 10-14 inches.
Health Problems: Do not overfeed the dog since it gains weight too quickly and can cause obesity. Watch for the patella ailment, kidney failure, heart defect, skin and flea allergies. Zinc deficiency is also present. Deafness affects white Bull Terriers.
Grooming: Give the dog an occasional brushing and combing. The dog sheds its coat twice a year. If you want to remove any loose hair from its skin, try, using a special rubber glove to give it a rubdown.
Litter size: 1 or 5 to 9 puppies
Exercise routine: Give daily exercise to the dog, but do it in a vigorous manner. Improper exercise leads to overweight and laziness for the dog.
Price: $2000 – $1000 USD depending on the pup’s age
These are the various dog kennel organizations that recognize and registered these Pitbull breeds:
- ACA = American Canine Association Inc.
- ACR = American Canine Registry
- ADBA = The American Dog Breeders Association Inc.
- APBR = The American Pit Bull Registry
- APRI = American Pet Registry, Inc.
- BBC = Backwoods Bulldog Club
- CKC = Continental Kennel Club
- DRA = Dog Registry of America, Inc.
- NAPR = North American Purebred Registry, Inc.
- NAPDR = North American Purebred Dog Registry
- NKC = National Kennel Club
- PBFSA = Pit Bull Federation of South Africa
- UKC = United Kennel Club
- AKC = American Kennel Club
- ANKC = Australian National Kennel Club
- CKC = Canadian Kennel Club
- FCI = Federation Cynologique Internationale
- NZKC = New Zealand Kennel Club
- FCI = Fédération Cynologique Internationale
- KCGB = Kennel Club of Great Britain
- ACA = American Canine Association Inc.
- AABC = All American Bulldog Club
- ABA = American Bulldog Association
- ABCC = American Bulldog Club of Canada
- ARBA – American Rare Breed Association
- ARF – Animal Research Foundation
- JDJB – John D. Johnson Bulldog Registry
- NABA – National American Bulldog Association
- NAPR – North American Purebred Registry
Before getting a Pitbull dog, check first if the breed you chose is under breeding legislation laws and commercial restrictions. Some Pit Bull breeds are too aggressive hence the necessity for restricting them.
In spite of the presence of health problems in some Pitbull breeds they still can enjoy life to fullest. Proper care and upkeep will ensure that the dog will keep its owners company for a long time while being unburdened by health problems.
Finally, be sure to treat your Pitbull breed in the most loving and humane manner that is possible between a pet and its owner.